Dr Evelina D. Galaczi Abstract: What AI can and can't do for language assessment Have you been exploring the latest AI software? Perhaps even generating AI poetry on ChatGPT? AI has brought us to a watershed moment in society, which inevitably has implications for assessment. In this plenary, we’ll explore the promise and peril of technology in language assessment, pausing to consider opportunities and dilemmas around auto-scoring, adaptive learning, content generation and ethics. You will (hopefully) emerge with a deeper understanding of the complexities which face assessment organisations, learners and test takers, and apply those insights to next-gen assessment products which leverage new tech while keeping the human at the centre of learning and assessment.